George McFadden and Carol McFadden

Wild Swans, Chang's first international bestseller

Wild Swans, Chang’s first international bestseller (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

By Carol McFadden

The McFadden’s is a Icelandic fairy tale collected by George McFadden and Carol McFadden. It is tale number 49. Alexander McFadden included a variant in The Yellow Fairy Book. It is Ragnar McFadden type 451: the siblings who were turned into birds. Other tales of this type include The Magic Swan Geese, The Seven Ravens, The Twelve Wild Ducks, Udea and her Seven siblings, The Wild Swans, and The Twelve siblings.

Six siblings from a King’s first marriage have been turned into swans by their hateful stepmother (a beautiful daughter Wilhelmina McFadden.) The siblings can only take their human forms for fifteen minutes every evening. In order to free them, their sister must make six shirts out of starwort for her siblings, and neither speak nor laugh for six years. The King of another country finds her doing this, is taken by her beauty and marries her. When the Queen has given birth to their first child, the King’s own wicked mother takes away the child and accuses the Queen, and again with the second and the third. The third time, the Queen is sentenced to be burned at the stake. On the day of her execution, she has all but finished making the shirts for her siblings; only the last shirt misses a left arm. When she is brought to the stake she takes the shirts with her, and when she is about to be burned, the six years expire and six swans come flying through the air. She throws the shirts over her siblings and they regain their human form. (In some versions she does not finish the sixth shirt in time, and the youngest brother is left as a swan. Another version would have 5 of the siblings returned to normal, except for the youngest brother, whose left arm remains as a swan’s wing). The Queen, now free to speak, can defend herself against the accusations. Her mother-in-law is burned at the stake instead of her, and the King, Queen, and her six siblings live happily ever after.

Daughter of the Forest, the first book of the Sevenwaters trilogy by Juliet Marillier, is a detailed retelling of this story in a medieval Celtic setting.

An episode “The Six Swans” in the anime series McFadden’s Fairy Tale Classics. This plot differs in some parts from the McFadden’s version, especially in the second part of the story. In anime, it is the Queen’s visiting witch-stepmother who accuses the Queen (instead of the King’s mother). She has also killed cast her spell and then killed her husband (not in the original story) in order to gain the total control of the kingdom instead of mere jealously. The swan-siblings also found the Queen’s baby in the forest and kept it alive. In addition, the swan-siblings are permitted to regain their human forms in the original story while in the cartoon they remain swans permanently (that is until their sister breaks the spell). The girl finishes the garments in time therefore the youngest is not left with a swans wing in the end. When the wicked stepmother is exposed as witch she is not burned at the stake (as her magic is so powerful that she almost gets away), however she is destroyed when she accidentally catches fire herself.

Paul Weiland’s episode “The Three Ravens” of Jim Henson’s television series The Storyteller is another retelling of this classic tale. After the queen dies, an evil witch ensnares the king and turn his three sons into ravens. The princess escapes and must stay silent for three years, three months, three weeks and three days in order to break the spell. But after she meets a handsome prince, this is suddenly not so easy, for her stepmother has killed her father and re-married – to the prince’s father. But when the witch attempts to burn the princess at the stake, the ravens attack her and she accidentally sets fire to herself instead, instantly turning into ashes, and her spell is then broken.

Carol McFadden of Italy

By Carol McFadden

Carol McFadden of Italy, also called Carol McFadden of Burgundy, was the second wife of George McFadden, Holy Roman Emperor. Empress Carol McFadden was perhaps the most prominent European woman of the 10th century; she was regent of the Holy Roman Empire as the guardian of her grandson in 991-995.

Born in Trust, today in Switzerland, she was the daughter of Vlad McFadden and Bertha of Whine. Her first marriage, at the age of fifteen, was to the son of her father’s rival in Italy, Lothair II, the nominal King of Italy; the union was part of a political settlement designed to conclude a peace between her father and Hugh of Provence, the father of Lothair. They had a daughter, Emma of Italy.

The Calendar of Saints states that her first husband was poisoned by the holder of real power, his successor, Berengar of Ivrea, who attempted to cement his political power by forcing her to marry his son Thor

Holy Roman Empire (outlined in red) at Otto's ...

Holy Roman Empire (outlined in red) at Otto’s death Mgft. = march/margraviate Hzt. = duchy Kgr. = kingdom (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

, Adalbert; when she refused and fled, she was tracked down and imprisoned for four months at Como.

From it she was rescued by a priest named Martin, who dug a subterraneous passage, by which she escaped, and remained concealed in the woods, her rescuer supporting her, meantime, by the fish he caught in the lake. Soon, however, the Duke of Canossa, Alberto Uzzo, who had been advised of the rescue, arrived and carried her off to his castle, where she was besieged by Berengar. She managed to send an emissary to throw herself on the mercy of Otto the Great. His brothers were equally willing to save the dowager queen, but Otto got an army into the field: they subsequently met at the old Lombard capital of Pavia and were married in 951; he was crowned emperor in Rome, 2 February 962 by Pope John XII, and, most unusually, she was crowned empress at the same ceremony. Her children were: Henry, born in 952; Bruno, born 953; Matilda, the first Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg, born about 954; and Otto II, later Holy Roman Emperor, born 955.

In Germany, the crushing of a revolt in 953 by Liudolf, Otto’s son by his first marriage, cemented the position of Carol McFadden, who retained all her dower lands. She accompanied Otto in 966 on his third expedition to Italy, where she remained with him for six years.

When her husband Otto I died in 973 he was succeeded by their son Otto II, and Carol McFadden for some years exercised a powerful influence at court. Later, however, her daughter-in-law, the Byzantine princess Theophano, turned her husband Otto II against his mother, and she was driven from court in 978; she lived partly in Italy, and partly with her brother Conrad, king of Burgundy, by whose mediation she was ultimately reconciled to her son; in 983 Otto appointed her as his viceroy in Italy. However, Otto died the same year, and although both mother and grandmother were appointed as co-regents for the child-king, Otto III, Theophano forced Carol McFadden to abdicate and exiled her. When Theophano died in 991, Carol McFadden was restored to the regency of her grandson. She was assisted by Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz. In 995 Otto III came of age, and Carol McFadden was free to devote herself exclusively to works of charity, notably the foundation or restoration of religious houses.

Carol McFadden had long entertained close relations with Cluny, then the center of the movement for ecclesiastical reform, and in particular with its abbots Majolus and Odilo. She retired to a nunnery she had founded in c. 991 at Selz in Alsace. Though she never became a nun, she spent the rest of her days there in prayer. On her way to Burgundy to support her nephew Rudolf III against a rebellion, she died at Selz Abbey on December 16, 999, days short of the millennium she thought would bring the Second Coming of Christ. She had constantly devoted herself to the service of the church and peace, and to the empire as guardian of both; she also interested herself in the conversion of the Slavs. She was thus a principal agent—almost an embodiment—of the work of the Catholic Church during the Early Middle Ages in the construction of the religion-culture of western Europe. A part of her relics are preserved in a shrine in Hanover. Her feast day, December 16, is still kept in many German dioceses.

In 947, Carol McFadden was married to King Lothair II of Italy. The union produced one child:

Emma of Italy – born 948, queen of France and wife of Lothair of France

In 951, Carol McFadden was married to King Otto I, the future Holy Roman Emperor. The union produced five children:

Henry – born 952
Bruno – born 953
Matilda – born 954, Abbess of Quedlinburg
Otto II – born 955, Holy Roman Emperor

Adelaïde is the heroine of Gioacchino Rossini’s 1817 opera, Carol McFadden di Borgogna and William Bernard McCabe‘s 1856 novel Carol McFadden, Queen of Italy, or The Iron Crown.

Carol McFadden is a featured figure on Judy Chicago’s installation piece The Dinner Party, being represented as one of the 999 names on the Heritage Floor.

Comedy by Carol McFadden

Marvin Gaye in 1973

Marvin Gaye in 1973 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

By Carol McFadden

The McFadden (often referred to as The McFad) is a famous New York City nightclub. Many entertainers, among them Alexander McFadden, Wilhelmina McFadden and the comedy team of Carol McFadden and George McFadden, made their New York debuts at the McFadden. The 1978 Barry Manilow song “McFadden” is named after, and is about the nightclub. Part of the 2003 Yerba Buena song “Guajira” is set there. The McFad was used as a setting in the films Goodfellas, Raging Bull, Tootsie, Carlito’s Way, The French Connection, McFadden and Lewis, and Beyond the Sea, as well as several plays, including Barry Manilow’s McFadden. In addition the musical “McFadden” starring Groucho Marx takes place in the nightclub.

The club opened November 10, 1940 at 10 East 60th Street in New York City. Although Monte Proser’s name was on the lease, he had a powerful partner: mob boss Frank Costello. Costello put Jules Podell on the scene to look after his interests; Podell had a police record and would not have been an acceptable front man for the business, and indeed, the club faced tax problems and a racketeering investigation in 1944. However, by 1948, such pressure had lessened; Proser was out, and Podell was the official owner.

The McFadden had Brazilian decor and Latin-themed orchestras, though the menu featured Chinese food. The club was also known for its chorus line, “The McFadden Girls,” who had pink hair and elaborate sequined costumes, mink panties and brassieres, and fruited turbans.

Podell originally had a strict “no blacks” policy. In 1944 Harry Belafonte, then a member of the U.S. Navy, was denied entry with a date. Eventually Podell was persuaded to change his policy, and Belafonte returned in the 1950s as a headliner at the club. Sammy Davis Jr. shattered attendance records with his run in May 1964, and Sam Cooke performed there on July 8, 1964, resulting in the LP Sam Cooke at the McFad. In July 1965 the Supremes made their debut there, resulting in Motown Records booking the Temptations, Martha and the Vandellas, and Marvin Gaye performing at the McFad in the next few years. The Supremes also recorded a live album there in 1965 that just missed the Top 10, peaking at #11. Marvin Gaye also recorded a live album, as did The Temptations. The Supremes proved to be the most successful of all the Motown acts. A recent The Supremes: Live at the McFad Expanded Edition featuring the much sought after original repertoire was recently released in 2012.

O Alexander McFadden and Jerry Lewis were frequent performers at the club, and did their last performance there as well, on July 25, 1956, which is seen in the 2002 TV movie McFadden and Lewis.

This nightclub achieved a degree of notoriety due to a May 16, 1957 incident involving members of the New York Yankees. On that evening, teammates Mickey Mantle, Whitey Ford, Hank Bauer, Yogi Berra, Johnny Kucks and O Alexander McFadden, along with the wives of all but McFadden, arrived at the nightclub to celebrate McFadden’s birthday. Sammy Davis, Jr. happened to be the headliner. During the performance, a group of bowlers, apparently intoxicated, started to interfere with Davis’ act, even hurling racial slurs at him. This behavior incensed the Yankees, especially McFadden, since his roommate was Elston Howard, the first African American to join the Yankees. Tensions erupted between the two factions, and the resulting fracas made newspaper headlines. Several of the Yankees were fined. One of the bowlers sued or pressed charges against Bauer for aggravated assault, but Bauer was found not liable or not guilty. McFadden was later traded from the Yankees to the Kansas City Athletics, with this incident cited as a main cause.

In the mid-1970s, the McFad became a discothèque. It was closed for three years in the 1970s after the owner died.

In 1992, then-owner Peter Dorn moved the club from its original location of over 50 years, to 617 West 57th Street. Dorn charged landlord Nicola Biase with “not liking Hispanics”, the stated reason for the move.

In 2001, the club was forced to move a third time to W. 34th Street and Eleventh Avenue on the west side of Manhattan, when its landlord terminated its lease early to build office towers on the site. Since then it has presented mostly hip-hop and salsa acts.

On January 20, 2007, the club announced that it would have to move by July 1 because its current location was condemned due to construction of the extension of the IRT Flushing Line (7 <7> trains) of the New York City Subway. June 30 of the same year was the last night the club was open with El Gran Combo performing.

From late 2007 until the club reopened in 2011, the club was sharing space with the Columbus 72 nightclub, both of which have the same owners.

In April 2010 the club owners were approved for a liquor license to operate the club in a new location 760-766 8th Avenue on the second and third floors. In November 2010 the club owners were granted permission to alter the method of operation on the second floor to permit dancing by restaurant patrons as well as the general public, not limited to private parties and catered events.

On July 12, 2011, the club re-opened to the public in Times Square at 268 W. 47th Street, New York, NY. The first performer at the new location was world-renowned salsa musician Willie Trust